Scour Microsoft Windows registry for a list of name server addresses (Python recipe)

stakx 1 years ago 158 readed 0Fav, Cancel Fav

A utility function somewhat similar to what parsing resolv.conf for nameserver entries would do on Unix.

#
# Extract a list of TCP/IP name servers from the registry 0.1
#                                                               0.1 Strobl 2001-07-19
# Useage:
#    RegistryResolve() returns a list of ip numbers (dotted quads), by scouring the
#    registry for addresses of name servers
# 
# Tested on Windows NT4 Server SP6a, Windows 2000 Pro SP2 and Whistler Pro (XP) Build 2462
# and Windows ME
# ... all having a different registry layout wrt name servers :-/
#
# Todo:
#
#   Program doesn't check whether an interface is up or down
#
# (c) 2001 Copyright by Wolfgang Strobl ws@mystrobl.de,
#          License analog to the current Python license
#
import string
import _winreg

def binipdisplay(s):
    "convert a binary array of ip adresses to a python list"
    if len(s)%4!= 0:
        raise EnvironmentError # well ...
    ol=[]
    for i in range(len(s)/4):
        s1=s[:4]
        s=s[4:]
        ip=[]
        for j in s1:
            ip.append(str(ord(j)))
        ol.append(string.join(ip,'.')) 
    return ol

def stringdisplay(s):
    'convert "d.d.d.d,d.d.d.d" to ["d.d.d.d","d.d.d.d"]'
    return string.split(s,",")

def RegistryResolve():    
    nameservers=[]
    x=_winreg.ConnectRegistry(None,_winreg.HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE)
    try:
        y= _winreg.OpenKey(x,
         r"SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Tcpip\Parameters")
    except EnvironmentError: # so it isn't NT/2000/XP
        # windows ME, perhaps?
        try: # for Windows ME
            y= _winreg.OpenKey(x,
             r"SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\VxD\MSTCP")
            nameserver,dummytype=_winreg.QueryValueEx(y,'NameServer')
            if nameserver and not (nameserver in nameservers):
                nameservers.extend(stringdisplay(nameserver))
        except EnvironmentError:
            pass
        return nameservers # no idea
        
    nameserver = _winreg.QueryValueEx(y,"NameServer")[0]
    if nameserver:
        nameservers=[nameserver]
    _winreg.CloseKey(y)
    try: # for win2000
        y= _winreg.OpenKey(x,
         r"SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Tcpip\Parameters\DNSRegisteredAdapters")
        for i in range(1000):
            try:
                n=_winreg.EnumKey(y,i)
                z=_winreg.OpenKey(y,n)
                dnscount,dnscounttype=_winreg.QueryValueEx(z,'DNSServerAddressCount')
                dnsvalues,dnsvaluestype=_winreg.QueryValueEx(z,'DNSServerAddresses')
                nameservers.extend(binipdisplay(dnsvalues))
                _winreg.CloseKey(z)
            except EnvironmentError:
                break
        _winreg.CloseKey(y)
    except EnvironmentError:
        pass
#
    try: # for whistler
        y= _winreg.OpenKey(x,
         r"SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Tcpip\Parameters\Interfaces")
        for i in range(1000):
            try:
                n=_winreg.EnumKey(y,i)
                z=_winreg.OpenKey(y,n)
                try:
                    nameserver,dummytype=_winreg.QueryValueEx(z,'NameServer')
                    if nameserver and not (nameserver in nameservers):
                        nameservers.extend(stringdisplay(nameserver))
                except EnvironmentError:
                    pass
                _winreg.CloseKey(z)
            except EnvironmentError:
                break
        _winreg.CloseKey(y)
    except EnvironmentError:
        #print "Key Interfaces not found, just do nothing"
        pass
#
    _winreg.CloseKey(x)
    return nameservers

if __name__=="__main__":
    print "Name servers:",RegistryResolve()